Top 10 Most Common Health Issues in Pakistan in 2023!

Pakistan is a country facing a significant burden of diseases, with a wide range of health issues affecting its population. Some of the most common health issues in Pakistan include malaria, tuberculosis, hepatitis, diarrhea, dengue, and polio. These diseases are caused by various factors, including poor sanitation, contaminated food and water, inadequate healthcare infrastructure, and a lack of access to basic medical services.  The most common diseases in Pakistan are enlisted below: 

  1. Malaria

Malaria is one of the top health issues in Pakistan. The disease is prevalent in rural and urban areas and is particularly common in the Sindh and Balochistan provinces. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are around 6 million cases of malaria in Pakistan each year and around 10,000 deaths. The government of Pakistan, in partnership with international organizations, is working to control and eliminate malaria in the country through various measures, including the distribution of bed nets, the use of insecticides, and the provision of diagnostic and treatment services.

  1. Tuberculosis

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Pakistan has one of the highest rates of TB in the world, with an estimated 500,000 new cases and over 50,000 deaths annually. The disease disproportionately affects poor and marginalized populations and is particularly prevalent in urban areas. The government of Pakistan has been working to combat TB through the National TB Control Program, which focuses on early diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the disease. 

  1. Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a major health issue in Pakistan. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Pakistan has one of the highest rates of hepatitis B and C in the world. It is estimated that around 10% of the population is infected with hepatitis B and around 6% with hepatitis C. The disease is spread through contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids and is particularly prevalent among people who inject drugs, as well as health workers and other high-risk groups.

  1. Diarrhea and Other Waterborne Diseases

Diarrhea and other waterborne diseases are significant public health concerns in Pakistan. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), they are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the country, particularly among children under the age of five. The leading causes of diarrhea in Pakistan are poor sanitation and hygiene, lack of clean drinking water, and inadequate access to healthcare.

  1. Respiratory Infections

Respiratory infections are major diseases in Pakistan, including pneumonia and bronchitis, and are a significant public health concern in Pakistan. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), respiratory infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the country, particularly among children under the age of five. The leading causes of respiratory infections in Pakistan are poor air quality, lack of access to healthcare, and inadequate housing and living conditions. Air pollution is a major problem in Pakistan, particularly in urban areas. Dust, smog, and industrial emissions contribute to poor air quality, which can exacerbate respiratory infections and other lung diseases.

  1. Cardiovascular Disease

CVD is the leading cause of death in Pakistan, accounting for around 30% of all deaths in the country. The main risk factors for CVD in Pakistan are tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and high blood pressure. CVD is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Pakistan. The disease is often undiagnosed and untreated due to a lack of awareness and limited access to healthcare. The government of Pakistan has been working to combat CVD through the National Program for Control of Cardiovascular Diseases, which focuses on the prevention and control of risk factors, as well as early detection and management of the disease.

  1. Cancer

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in Pakistan, accounting for around 10% of all deaths in the country. The most common types of cancer in Pakistan are breast cancer, lung cancer, and cervical cancer. Other common types include stomach, liver, and prostate cancer. The main risk factors for cancer in Pakistan are tobacco use, unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and exposure to environmental pollutants. Additionally, late diagnosis and limited access to healthcare also contribute to the high rates of cancer in the country.

  1. Diabetes

The prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan is among the highest in the world, with an estimated 25.8 million people living with the disease in 2020. The main risk factors for diabetes in Pakistan are obesity, an unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Pakistan. It is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease, kidney failure, and amputations. The government of Pakistan has been working to combat diabetes through the National Program for Control of Diabetes, which focuses on the prevention and early detection of the disease.

  1. Polio

Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus that primarily affects young children. Pakistan is one of the few countries in the world where the disease remains endemic, along with Afghanistan and Nigeria. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pakistani government have worked together to eradicate the disease through vaccination campaigns and other measures. However, the efforts have faced challenges due to insecurity in certain areas, resistance from some communities, and misinformation about the safety and efficacy of the polio vaccine. As of 2021, Pakistan has reported a total of 96 cases of wild poliovirus (WPV1) 2021.

  1. Dengue

Dengue fever is a viral illness transmitted by mosquitoes. Pakistan has seen a significant increase in the number of dengue cases in recent years. The disease is prevalent in urban areas, and the number of cases tends to spike during the monsoon season when there is increased mosquito breeding. As of 2021, Pakistan has reported a total of 35,841 cases of dengue fever. For further information or any query, call us at 03-111-100-969 or visit WoW Health Pakistan.

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